In order to meet the development needs of economic and efficient in oilfield distribution network,and to realize the goal of low carbon more quickly,the investment decision-making method of energy-saving measures optimization is proposed. Firstly,the loading behaviors of pumps is analyzed,an calculation model for special line loss of oilfield distribution network based on load superposition characteristics is proposed,which is corrected according to the actual load of oilfield. Next, according to different energy-saving models and the GM(1,1)gray prediction model,the optimization investment decision model of oilfield distribution network is established. Then,based on the characteristics of oilfield energy-saving measures,the direct comparison objective method and the taboo search method are respectively selected to solve the solution of the different oilfield scale. Finally,a 30-node 6 kV distribution network line in an oilfield is taken as an example for simulation verification. The results show that the energy-saving and loss reduction scheme of oilfield distribution network obtained by the investment decision-making method in this paper has high cost performance and can effectively improve the voltage at the end of the line.